Abstract On September 17, in order to accelerate the development of the new energy automobile industry, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the National Development and Reform Commission issued a "Notice on Continued Promotion and Application of New Energy Vehicles" to clarify 2013-2015. New energy will continue to be launched in the year...On September 17, in order to accelerate the development of the new energy automobile industry, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the National Development and Reform Commission issued a "Notice on Continued Promotion and Application of New Energy Vehicles" to clarify 2013-2015. The promotion and application of new energy vehicles will continue, and financial subsidies will be introduced to support the promotion of specific policies for the application of new energy vehicles. The new policy incorporates new energy vehicles into the promotion of air pollution control, expands the scope of demonstration cities that enjoy subsidies, and expands subsidized models. The "Notice" requires that the cumulative amount of new energy vehicles in mega-cities or key areas in 2013-2015 should not be less than 10,000 vehicles, and the cumulative promotion volume of other cities or regions should be no less than 5,000 vehicles.
At the previous China Automotive Industry Development (TEDA) International Forum, the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Science and Technology said that China will become the most important and most competitive market for electric vehicles in the future. The launch of a new round of national support policies will stimulate technological innovation. And the enthusiasm of the local market.
Adhere to pure electric drive mode
According to the "Notice", three new energy vehicle models, such as pure electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles and fuel cell vehicles, are included in the central financial subsidies.
Cui Dongshu, deputy secretary-general of the National Passenger Car Market Information Association, said that this round of subsidy policy adheres to the technical route of China's new energy vehicle development, namely pure electric drive. At the same time, the subsidy standards are basically in line with market expectations.
Wang Binggang, head of the National 863 â€œEnergy Conservation and New Energy Vehiclesâ€ project supervision consulting expert group, believes that the reason for excluding ordinary hybrid vehicles is determined by Chinaâ€™s purely electric drive strategy. "Energy Conservation and New Energy Vehicle Industry Development Plan (2012-2020)" puts forward "the main strategic orientation of pure electric drive for the development of new energy vehicles and the transformation of the automobile industry. Currently, the focus is on promoting pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. To promote the popularization of non-plug-in hybrid vehicles, energy-saving internal combustion engines, and improve the overall technical level of China's automobile industry, and clearly point out that "accelerate the cultivation and development of new energy automobile industry and promote the electrification transformation of automotive power systems."
According to the subsidy standard issued by the Notice, for a pure electric passenger car, each subsidy ranges from 35,000 to 60,000 yuan; for a plug-in hybrid passenger car with a pure electric driving range of 50 kilometers, each subsidy is 3.5. Ten thousand yuan; for pure electric buses, the subsidy standard is 300,000-500,000 yuan. At the same time, the pure electric special vehicle will be subsidized by 2,000 yuan per kilowatt according to the battery capacity, and the total subsidy per vehicle will not exceed 150,000 yuan. In addition, for fuel cell passenger cars, each subsidy is 200,000 yuan; for fuel cell commercial vehicles, each subsidy is 500,000 yuan.
An expert who has long been concerned about the development of China's new energy vehicle industry said that from the perspective of subsidized models, ordinary hybrid vehicles have not been able to obtain policy favors and have no access to subsidies. The reason is mainly because the hybrid model needs to be equipped with two systems, and the design is more complicated. At the same time, on a global scale, Japanese auto companies have an absolute advantage in this field. If subsidies are applied to ordinary hybrid vehicles, it is likely to become "marriage for others" and it is difficult to achieve the goal of promoting China's automotive technology.
It is understood that in addition to the expansion of subsidized models, the scope of subsidies is clearly inclined to the public sector. In addition to the previous pure electric and plug-in hybrid passenger vehicles, the model added a fuel cell vehicle. Super capacitors, lithium titanate fast-filled pure electric buses can also enjoy subsidies.
Break away from local protection
The "Notice" clearly stipulates that the number of foreign brands in the vehicles to be promoted and applied shall not be less than 30%. Do not set or disguise settings to limit the purchase of foreign brand vehicles. At the same time, the "Notice" requires the central government to allocate subsidy funds to new energy vehicle production enterprises, and implement quarterly pre-dial and annual liquidation. After the product is sold, the production enterprise submits the application for pre-approval of subsidy funds to the financial and scientific departments where the enterprise is registered at the end of each quarter. The local finance and science and technology departments review it and report it to the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Science and Technology. After the four ministries have reviewed the organization, they will allocate subsidy funds to the relevant enterprises. After the end of the year, the subsidy funds are liquidated according to the verification results.
Wang Binggang said that the development of new energy vehicles into the family in the past few years has been slow and has a certain relationship with local protectionism. In the original subsidy policy for new energy vehicles, local governments tend to limit the market to new energy vehicle products produced by local auto companies. The reason for this is because the central government subsidies the funds through the local government to the automobile companies, thus increasing the difficulty of obtaining subsidies for new energy vehicle manufacturers in the field.
Cui Dongshu believes that the central government subsidies are directly allocated to automobile production enterprises and the regulations prohibiting the purchase of foreign brand vehicles. This reflects the attitude of China's new energy automobile industry policy to research and development and the elimination of local protectionism to prevent local protectionism from affecting China's new energy. Automotive technology advancement and market development. Automobile production enterprises directly apply for and receive subsidies from the relevant departments of the industrial and commercial registration departments, reducing the intermediate links, enabling relevant enterprises to obtain subsidies in a timely manner, thereby maintaining and improving the research and development efforts and confidence of new energy vehicle technologies.
The "Notice" requires that the procurement of vehicles in government agencies, public institutions and other fields should be inclined to new energy vehicles. The proportion of new energy vehicles in public transport, official transportation, logistics and sanitation vehicles added or updated is not less than 30%. From 2013 to 2015, the cumulative amount of new energy vehicles in mega-cities or key areas will be no less than 10,000 vehicles, and the cumulative promotion volume of other cities or regions will be no less than 5,000 vehicles. Demonstration cities with subsidies are subject to annual assessment and assessment, and those that fail to complete the annual promotion target will be eliminated.
Cui Dongshu said that the release of the "Notice" will make the demonstration city pay more attention to the actual effect of the promotion of new energy vehicles. At the same time, it will play a positive role in solving the problem of "difficulty in charging", which will help to form a joint force and eliminate the promotion process of new energy vehicles. obstacle.
Rational development trend is obvious
The downgrade mechanism implemented by the Notice has aroused widespread concern in the industry. According to the "Notice", in 2014 and 2015, the subsidies for pure electric passenger cars, plug-in hybrids (including extended-range) passenger cars, pure electric vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles will be reduced by 10 based on the 2013 standards. % and 20%; pure electric bus, plug-in hybrid (including extended program) bus standards remain unchanged.
In this regard, Cui Dongshu said that the role of subsidies is to guide the integration of the market and related resources. If China's new energy auto industry wants to become bigger and stronger, it will ultimately depend on the market. Combining the deadline for the new energy vehicle subsidy policy for 2013-2015 also means that this is likely to be the last round of subsidies in the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€, which will help mobilize the enthusiasm of auto companies to develop new energy vehicles and technologies, and promote the industry. Rational development.
The "Notice" proposes that the new energy passenger car will be subsidized according to the cruising range. The pure electric vehicles with a cruising range of more than 250 kilometers will be subsidized by 60,000 yuan each, and the pure electric vehicles with a cruising range of 150-250 kilometers will be subsidized. 50,000 yuan, pure electric vehicles with a cruising range of less than 150 kilometers, each subsidy of 35,000 yuan. The plug-in hybrid passenger car with a cruising range of more than 50 kilometers under pure electric drive subsidies 35,000 yuan per vehicle.
Cui Dongshu believes that it is the biggest change in the subsidy policy by adjusting the energy of the power battery pack to subsidize new energy vehicles based on the cruising range. The old subsidy standard for 2010 is determined according to the energy of the power battery pack. The energy of the pure electric passenger car battery pack is not less than 15 kWh, and the energy of the plug-in hybrid passenger car power battery pack is not less than 10 kWh. In the pure electric mode, the driving range is not less than 50 kilometers.) New energy vehicles that meet the above conditions will be subsidized at 3,000 yuan/kWh, of which the maximum subsidy for pure electric passenger cars is 60,000 yuan. Plug-in hybrid The maximum subsidy for passenger cars is 50,000 yuan per vehicle. For example, the Chery-Rui M1-EV pure electric vehicle has a driving range of 150 kilometers. According to the 2010 subsidy standard, it can enjoy a subsidy of 60,000 yuan per vehicle. After the 2013 subsidy standard is implemented, the mileage of the M1-EV is based on the mileage. It can only enjoy a subsidy of 50,000 yuan per vehicle.
Chen Quanshi, director of the China Automotive Engineering Society, said that the use of cruising range as a new standard for subsidies reflects the intention of promoting policies to the market level. When consumers buy pure electric vehicles, the most concerned is the driving mileage. Therefore, the longer the driving mileage, the more pure electric vehicles will be subsidized. Chen Quanshi also said that there are two ways to extend the driving range. One is to increase the number of batteries, and the other is to strengthen the body structure design and improve battery utilization. Therefore, this is also guiding the auto companies to improve related technologies.
Crystalline Solar Panel,140W Folding Solar Panel,140W Folding Panel,Folding Solar Charger
Zhejiang G&P New Energy Technology Co.,Ltd , http://www.solarpanelgp.com